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Henri Matisse and Fauvism
Henri Emile Benoit Matisse, who is popularly known as Henri Matisse, is one of the artists that have given a major contribution in the world of art. Together with Marcel Duchamp and Pablo Picasso, Matisse is responsible for the development of sculpture and paintings in the 20th century. He is known for creating colorful works of art. Due to his artistic works, Matisse has been regarded as one of the masters of still life during the said period.
Who is Henri Matisse?
Henri Matisse is a French artist who was born on December 31, 1869 in Nord, France. His mother is an amateur painter while his father is a successful grain merchant who owns a general store. In 1887, Matisse moved to Paris to study law. His interest in painting began in 1889 when his mother brought him a box of colors and art supplies to keep him entertained while recovering from a digestive problem. From that moment, he knows that the wanted to become an artist. To pursue his dream, Matisse went to Paris in 1891 and enrolled at the Academie Julian to study art under French painters Gustave Moreau and William-Adolphe Bouguereau.
His early paintings are primarily composed of still-life and landscapes that are painted using a dark palette. Since then, his works have dramatically changed and have been influenced by other artists including Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Signac, and Paul Cezanne.
Matisse’s Involvement in Fauvism
Henri Matisse and Andre Derain founded the Fauvism movement that only lasted for a few years. He is also the leader of a group of artists called Les Fauves. The group is known for painting pictures using bold colors. The group claims that the colors they use in their paintings have spiritual quality that is associated with their emotions and feelings about a particular subject. Their paintings are simplified drawings that boast exaggerated colors to produce an expressive effect.
During its existence, the movement has been surrounded with controversies. Some claims that it is associated with anarchism. Others said that Matisse and other members of the Fauvism movement are hedonists. This can be partly attributed to the fact that some of the artists’ works depict naked men and women.
However, the Fauvism movement is not about social or political movement. It is just a group of talented artists who share a common interest and passion for creating beautiful works of art using bold colors. Fauvism is a group of coming together artists who want to express themselves through expressive brushworks, bold colors, and simplified drawing. Fauvism has served as a great influence to German expressionism.
Among the most popular artworks of Matisse include “The Egyptian Curtain,” “The Goldfish,” and “The Blue Window.” Aside from being a painter, he also experimented with graphic arts and sculpture. In fact, Matisse has created an artwork that is made from colorful paper cutouts that he used as his main artistic tool for some time.
Henri Matisse will remain as one of the greatest artists who have played a major role in the development of arts and serve as a great influence to other aspiring artists. His Fauvism movement is one of the groups that are created for those who want to share their passion for art.
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